国連安保理はジュネーブでのシリア政府・反体制派の和平協議再開を求める議長声明を採択(2017年3月11日)

国連安保理は、シリア情勢への対応を協議するための会合を開催、スタファン・デミストゥラ・シリア問題担当国連特別代表が、シリア政府と反体制派の代表団による和平協議「ジュネーブ4会議」の進捗などについて報告した。

報告後、安保理は、シリア政府と反体制派の双方に停戦履行と和平交渉の再開を求める議長声明(SC/12749)を採択した。

議長声明全文は以下の通り:

On 8 March 2017, the members of the Security Council were briefed by the Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Syria, Staffan de Mistura, and reiterated their support for his leadership of the United Nations’ efforts to facilitate the lasting political settlement of the Syrian crisis through an inclusive and Syrian-led political process that meets the legitimate aspirations of the Syrian people.

The members of the Security Council reaffirmed their strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity of the Syrian Arab Republic, and reiterated that the only sustainable solution to the current crisis in Syria is through an inclusive and Syrian-led political process based on the Geneva Communiqué of 30 June 2012, as endorsed by the Security Council resolution 2118 (2013), the Security Council resolutions 2254 (2015), 2268 (2016) and 2336 (2016), and relevant statements of the International Syria Support Group.

The members of the Security Council welcomed the conclusion of a further round of United Nations-facilitated intra-Syrian negotiations in Geneva on 3 March 2017. They further welcomed the announcement by Special Envoy de Mistura of a clear agenda for future negotiations as indicated by resolution 2254, focusing on governance; constitutional issues; elections; and counter-terrorism, security and confidence-building measures.

The members of the Security Council reiterate their commitment to ensuring the inclusion of Syrian women in the political process through sustained consultation and dialogue and promoting their full and effective participation.

The members of the Security Council recognized that the continuation of political negotiations was made possible by the ceasefire developed through the Astana process.

The members of the Security Council called on the Syrian parties to fully implement the ceasefire, established pursuant to the arrangements of 29 December 2016, noted by United Nations Security Council resolution 2336 (2016), including ending ceasefire violations and ensuring humanitarian access.

The members of the Council also encouraged the International Syria Support Group members to use their influence over the parties to help end violations, reduce violence, build confidence and ensure safe, sustained and unhindered humanitarian access in line with United Nations Security Council resolution 2165 (2014).

The members of the Security Council looked forward to the early resumption of the intra-Syrian negotiations and encouraged the Syrian parties to return to talks in good faith and to engage constructively and without preconditions on the agenda set out by the United Nations Special Envoy when talks resume.

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AFP, March 11, 2017、AP, March 11, 2017、ARA News, March 11, 2017、Champress, March 11, 2017、al-Hayat, March 12, 2017、Iraqi News, March 11, 2017、Kull-na Shuraka’, March 11, 2017、al-Mada Press, March 11, 2017、Naharnet, March 11, 2017、NNA, March 11, 2017、Reuters, March 11, 2017、SANA, March 11, 2017、UPI, March 11, 2017などをもとに作成。

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