国連安保理は、ロシアとトルコによるシリアでの全土停戦と和平協議への取り組みを支持する安保理決議第2336号を全回一致で採択(2016年12月31日)

国連安保理は、ロシアとトルコの仲介により29日に成立(30日午前0時に発効)したシリア政府と反体制武装集団7組織の停戦を支持する安保理決議第2336号(ロシア、トルコが提出)を全回一致で承認した。

安保理決議第2336号は、①シリアにおける暴力停止と(紛争解決に向けた)政治プロセス開始に向けたロシアとトルコの取り組みを関係・支援するとともに、両国が合意した停戦および和平協議の実施にかかる細目「S/2016/1133」(https://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=S/2016/1133&referer=/english/&Lang=E)を留意し、②国際シリア支援グループ(ISSG)による紛争解決に向けた工程表を承認した国連安保理決議第2254号および第2268号実施の重要性を強調、③12月20日のロシア・トルコ・イラン外務会談により実施に向けた動きが本格化し、2016年1月下旬に開催予定のカザフスタンの首都アスタナ市でのシリア政府と反体制派の和平協議(アスタナ会議)に期待を寄せている。

なお、安保理決議第2336号全文は以下の通り:

“The Security Council
“Recalling all its previous resolutions and presidential statements on the situation in the Syrian Arab Republic, in particular resolutions 2254 (2015) and 2268 (2016), and the Geneva communiqué of 30 June 2012,
“Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity of the Syrian Arab Republic, and to the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations,“Noting the joint statement by the Ministers for Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Russian Federation and the Republic of Turkey of 20 December 2016,
“Noting with appreciation the mediation efforts undertaken by the Russian Federation and the Republic of Turkey to facilitate the establishment of a ceasefire in the Syrian Arab Republic,
“Reiterating its call on the parties to allow humanitarian agencies rapid, safe and unhindered access throughout Syria, as provided for in its relevant resolutions,
“Reiterating that the only sustainable solution to the current crisis in the Syrian Arab Republic is through an inclusive and Syrian-led political process based on the Geneva communiqué of 30 June 2012 as endorsed by resolution 2118 (2013), its resolutions 2254 (2015) and 2268 (2016) and relevant statements of the International Syria Support Group,
“1. Welcomes and supports the efforts by Russia and Turkey to end violence in Syria and jumpstart a political process, and takes note of the documents issued by Russia and Turkey in this regard (S/2016/1133);
“2. Stresses the importance of the full implementation of all relevant Security Council resolutions, particularly resolutions 2254 (2015) and 2268 (2016);
“3. Looks forward to the meeting to be held in Astana, Kazakhstan, between the Government of the Syrian Arab Republic and the representatives of the opposition viewing it as an important part of the Syrian-led political process and an important step ahead of the resumption of negotiations under the auspices of the United Nations in Geneva on 8 February 2017;
“4. Decides to remain seized of the matter.”

https://www.un.org/, December 31, 2016をもとに作成。

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